For those of you who want to try a perm hairstyle yourself, you must be wondering how to perm hair at home. There are several things to consider before doing your own perm at home. If your hair is colored, delicate and fragile, damaged, does not have good elasticity, or if you’ve tried perming your hair before and it did not take well, I would strongly suggest that you go to a professional stylist to get your perm and do not do it at home. If you try to do it at home, can cause severe color fading and / or damage to the hair if you use the wrong perm or wrong time.
Once you decide that your hair is healthy and you can perm your own hair at home, you must decide what kind of perm you want. Are you going to use an entirely new style? Do you just want to add a little texture to the style that you have? Do you want something that is super curly? A big perm if you have naturally straight hair and you want to be able to do more styles with it. A perm makes it difficult to curl hair more flexible and easier to manage. You will still be able to wear it straight away if you want, but if you want to shake a little sometimes and go curly, perm will make your hair more pliable and will help to hold whatever style you can dream up. It also works well if your hair is too curly. Curl your hair using a larger rod will reshape your curls into something more manageable.
Now that you have decided how you want your hair to look, you’ll need supplies! The things you should do at home perm perming rods, wrapping paper, plastic tail comb, plastic hair clips, old towels, perming kit, and a good friend! Perm wrap can be challenging themselves. Type perming rods you need depends on what kind of curl you want. It’s mostly common sense: A thin rod will give you tight curls while larger rods will give a bigger curls. If you are not sure what size to get, you can do some experiments to get an idea. Taking some perming rods in the size you think you’ll like it, and after shampooing your hair and add some styling products wrap one or two sections of your hair Let it dry and then remove the stems. The size of your curly look would be a good indication of what you will look like perm. You also can test the curls if you want to take an extra crimp kit. Instead of doing your whole head, just do one rod and see how it turns out. You can adjust the size of the rod you will use it from there.
Ok! So you’ve decided on the style, you’ve got your supplies (and your friends), now where to start? Here is How to Perm Your Hair 101:
1. Begin with a new hair shampoo Do not use a heavy conditioner on your hair before curling! It can keep perming solution absorbs into your hair Part your damp hair into 4 sections by section right in the middle of your head (like you would do a ponytail), and then do the other parts of approximately half way back down to the back side of your head your ears. Clip up this section with your plastic hair clips.
2. Starting from the top of one of the back, take a section of hair to wrap. Remember to never take a larger part then the length or girth of frizz. Doing this will cause your hair overdirect and / or pull that can cause damage. It is always better to take a smaller part than one that is too wide.
3. Comb the hair straight and cover the ends of your hair with the wrapping paper folded in half around your hair If you’re having trouble with this part, keep a water bottle handy. Spraying water on the ends of your hair will help the protective wrapping paper “stick” where you want them. The most important thing to keep in mind during this process is to make sure your goals are completely covered with paper to protect them and keep them from splitting during the crimp process.
4. Starting at the end of each section protectively wrapped, wrap each section of hair around the curling rod. The most common way to do this is to roll the hair around the rod down and secure with a band when you reach the scalp to be careful not to let the band haircut If the band is too tight or has too much pressure on the hair can cause damage when the solution crimp applied. There are other ways that you can roll your hair around the curling rod depending on the type of curl you want, but I would suggest sticking to the general procedure, at least for now. Continue this process until your entire head is rolled (or the portion you want a perm if you do not do all your hair according to your hair style), start at the top of each section and work your way down.
5. Now you are ready to apply the perming solution. Basically there are two types of perms you can buy. One is an alkaline perm, and the other is the acid perm. An alkaline perm is more difficult to perm for the hair as gray or resistant hair that is not colored or damaged. An acid perm is perm soft and easily bent or recommended for color treated hair perming Follow the instructions in the kit you how to mix and apply the perming solution. This process is essentially violates the disulfide bonds in your hair that give it form. Be sure and thoroughly saturate all stems with perming solution evenly and thoroughly or you will end up with uneven perm. You may need to get two perming kit if you have a lot of hair.
6. If directed, cover hair with a plastic cap and set the timer for the duration indicated in the instructions. If you are not sure how long to leave the perming solution, you can do the “S-Test”. To do this, partly open one section of hair from perming rods. Slowly push the hair towards the scalp to bend. If you can see the familiar “S” shape to the hair then you are done. Once the perming solution has been processed, you will need to gently rinse your hair thoroughly. DO NOT REMOVE THE STEM perming.
7. Having your hair is rinsed with water, gently blot your hair in the trunk until just damp. Paper towels work well for this step to absorb excess moisture. Now it’s time for the neutralizer. Neutralizer will reform the broken bonds of your hair into a new form that is shown by perming rods. Following directions in your perm kit, saturate the hair with a neutralizing solution. Save some neutralizing, you’ll need it in a bit. Usually it stays on for five minutes.
8. Neutralized After you all, you can start by gently unwrapping your hair when your hair is completely open, apply the neutralizer left to make sure every strand of your hair is saturated. Rinse your hair with cold water, and you’re done!